Category Archive: Industry News

“CARC” (Chemical Agent Resistant Coating): A Cold War Camouflage

What is CARC and how is it used?

According to

“Chemical Agent Resistant Coating or CARC is, in simple terms, a low gloss military version of the polyurethane paints that were developed for use in commercial industry. CARC has a low porosity that prevents chemical warfare agents from “soaking in” to the finish and makes decontamination easy to perform. TB 43-0242 states, ‘[Chemical agents] just bead up on the surface like water on a newly waxed car.’ More importantly, the CARC finish is not affected by the solvents used in the decontamination process.

“The finish is also much more durable and resistant to fading, lasting up to four times longer than the alkyd paint previously used by the Army. This durability promised to keep fielded vehicles looking better for a longer period of time and to reduce the number of times a vehicle would need to be repainted in its life cycle, thus reducing maintenance costs. The resistance to solvents allows regular washing of vehicles without fear of damaging the finish.

“To provide some idea about the durability of the CARC finish, TB 43-0242 gives the following as a test to determine if a vehicle is painted with CARC, ‘wet a cloth with acetone and rub hard on the painted surface for 10 seconds. Wet a clean corner of the cloth with acetone and rub another 10 seconds if no paint comes off the second time, it’s CARC.’


“The first chemical agent resistant coatings were developed as early as 1974, and by 1983 the Army was ready to make CARC the required coating for all combat, combat support, tactical wheeled vehicles, aircraft and tactical ground support equipment. The US Army officially adopted CARC in May of 1983.

“Besides its chemical resistance and durability, CARC has some other unique properties. For example, the base green color, “Green 383.” uses pigments that mimic the reflective properties of chlorophyll which is found in living plants, making the vehicle harder to detect using infrared detectors. During the Gulf War, “Tan 686” was reformulated to reduce the amount of solar heat absorption and keep vehicles cooler in the desert environment. The new color became “Tan 686A” and was standardized in the latter stages of the conflict.

“To create these special pigments, CARC is a two-part coating that is mixed before application. The components are not interchangeable, it is not possible to mix component A of one color with component B of another color, and intermixing components from different manufacturers is also not feasible. Once mixed, unused CARC will not keep and must be disposed of as a hazardous material. CARC is also highly flammable and it is recommended that the cans and mixing equipment be grounded when mixing the paint. A one part CARC was also made available for brush or roller touchup at the unit level.


“One problem of CARC is the toxicity of its components. Polyurethane paints were in use in the commercial and automotive industries for some years before the Army adopted CARC, so the health risks associated with them were well documented. All polyurethane paints contain isocyanates, and this alone poses a significant health risk. Add to this the array of volatile solvents and cleaners needed and you have a recipe for serious health risks.

“Hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) is the isocyanate found in CARC. It can be released when CARC is being sprayed, and it is also released when CARC burns making the smoke from welding and vehicle fires a greater potential health hazard. HDI is also a known sensitizer for asthmatics; soldiers with asthma were not to be involved with the application of CARC as ‘a severe life threatening allergic reaction may occur.’

“CARC poses no known health risks once dry unless disturbed by sanding or grinding. As a result of the hazards involved with applying CARC, individual units and crews were no longer responsible for the painting of vehicles. Complete repaints had to be done at the direct support, general support or depot level, provided the facility had an OSHA approved paint booth.

“This rule also applied to complete repaints of non-CARC painted equipment as the Army strove to become compliant with ever more stringent environmental regulations. Moving the responsibility for major painting tasks to the maintenance level also served to improve the quality of the paint finish and help maintain greater uniformity in camouflage patterns.

“The October 1990 version of TB 43-209 is the source for CARC patterns for several military vehicles.

“Soldiers at the unit level were limited to touching up their vehicles using a brush or roller; they were not supposed to spray CARC for any reason. Touch ups for cosmetic reasons were also officially prohibited; only blemishes in the paint that went to bare metal were to be retouched, to inhibit corrosion. Unit level touch up was only supposed to be performed using the one part CARC. Rules governing CARC application were spelled out in AR 750-1, paragraph 4-41.

“It was determined that brush or roller application of CARC could be done outdoors without needing a respirator, as long as the individual was exposed to no more than one quart each day. It was, however, required that the individual wear chemical goggles, NBC gloves, a hat, and long sleeves. Use of the M40 NBC mask was permitted at the commander’s discretion.

“As with any army, rules are not always followed. The U.S. Army provides a good barometer in its PS Magazine. According to PS Magazines online article index, from 1990-2000, there were 22 articles on CARC, 8 of which were about CARC touch up and what painting was allowed at the unit level. It would appear that many soldiers were unfamiliar with AR 750-1!


“When the Army adopted CARC in 1983, it issued a set of guidelines on how the transition from alkyd to CARC was to transpire. The transition began in October 1985 (start of Fiscal Year 1986) for systems already in the field. The guidelines were as follows:

1. At the unit level, crews were to continue touching up the existing paint jobs until such a time as the whole vehicle was in need of a repaint, complete repaints were to be done only as needed.
2. Any vehicle in a depot level repair program would be repainted using CARC and the 3-color scheme.
3. If an approved 3-color CARC pattern was not available for the vehicle, the Green 383 base color was to be applied.
4. Vehicles painted in CARC were to be marked near the data plate with “CARC mo/yr.”

“It was spelled out that any new systems in procurement as of the May 1983 message would be procured with CARC in the 3-color patterns. Systems already in production would convert to CARC as soon as possible, but no later than October 1985.

“Some fielded systems that were near the end of their life cycles were left in the old 4-color alkyd patterns until they left service. By the onset of the Gulf War in 1991, most everything was CARC painted, but the occasional piece of support equipment could be found in the old pattern into the 1990’s. Once a piece of equipment was painted in CARC, all markings were to be applied using CARC or lusterless black pressure sensitive decals.


“Certain items were not to be coated with CARC, they were spelled out in AR750-1, paragraph 4-41, line 10:

a.) Painted items that attain surface temperatures of 400 degrees Fahrenheit serve a heat-conducting function or serve a function of expanding and contracting during operation. Examples are manifolds, turbo chargers, cooling fins, and rubber hoses.
b.) Displacement watercraft that will be subject to prolonged salt-water immersion. Examples are the logistical support vessel and the landing craft utility.
c.) Non-deployable equipment and fixed installation systems. Examples are railroad rolling stock and fixed power generation systems.
d.) Installation / TDA equipment such as military police cars, non-tactical fire trucks and buses.
e.) Aluminum transmissions that are enclosed in combat vehicle powerpack compartments. However any ferrous components of the transmission must be protected with CARC or other rust-preventative agents.

“AR 750-1, paragraph 14-4, also spelled out, ‘If items do not require painting, do not paint them. For example, items made of fabric or which have anodized or parkerized surfaces are not painted.’ The old practice of continuing camouflage pattern painting onto vehicle soft-tops was also ended, as there was no flex agent available to mix with CARC paints.


“It was found that CARC did not last well on wood. Wood expands and contracts with weather changes and CARC lacked the flexibility needed move with the wood, so cracks would form and the finish would begin to peel. It was recommended in TM 43-0139, ‘Properly seasoned wood shall be sealed prior to application of CARC with a polyurethane sealer …wood shall be treated…dried to a moisture content no greater than 20% and pressure treated in accordance with [the] American Wood Preservers Bureau…’ At some point in the 1990s, it was decided that CARC was not to be used on wood at all because it simply did not last.


“Given the volatile and toxic nature of the CARC coatings, research to develop more environmentally friendly coatings with the same properties as CARC were underway even before CARC became standardized. CARC has a Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) content of 420 g/L. This was pushing the limits of federal and local regulations stemming from the Clean Air Act of 1990. The Army, as well as the private sector, began experimenting with waterborne coatings in an effort to meet the requirements of new clean air regulations. By the close the century the US Army Research Laboratory had developed a coating that had a VOC content of 220g/L while exhibiting many of the same characteristics of CARC. Development and testing continued as the century drew to a close.”

Original Source

Descaling – Metallurgical Processes

What is descaling? Here’s a breakdown of the process.

According to AZO Materials:

“Descaling is the process of removing oxide deposits from a heated stock, either before or during forging operations.

“Scales are formed on a metal surface during heat treatment processes. Oxide scales discolor the metal surface and hinder subsequent finishing operations.

“Descaling is a metal cleaning process that removes unwanted surface deposits on metals to provide a smooth surface finish and is a part of the pre-finishing processes which include cleaning, stripping and pickling. Of these processes cleaning and pickling are used for scale removal.

“Pre-finishing is vital for subsequent finishing operations like electroplating. Some finishing processes require a high degree of cleanliness, while others require minimum cleanliness.

“Physical methods for descaling include use of wire brushes, extra blows, scraping devices, polishing or blasting. Chemical methods that are used for scale removal are acid descaling and alkali descaling.

Types of Descaling

“The various methods of descaling metals are listed below:

Mechanical Cleaning

“For metals that react with chemical, the metal is descaled by physical means. Oxide scale deposits can be removed by using wire brushes and scraping devices like wool pads. Abrasive blasting methods and waterjet spraying can also be used for descaling.

Aqueous Alkaline Cleaning

“Mild alkaline solutions such as sodium hydroxide, sodium phosphate, sodium metasilicate and sodium carbonate can be used for cleaning the metal surface and removing the oxide scales.

“The stronger the concentration of alkali, the faster the cleaning process. This cleaning method is often followed by mechanical cleaning methods.

Acid Cleaning (Pickling)

“Acid cleaning, also known as pickling, is yet another process used for removing oxide scale deposits from a metal surface. It is also used to neutralize any remaining alkalis from the previous cleaning process.

“This method of cleaning is suitable for ferrous, aluminum and copper alloys. An acid solution, called the pickle liquor, is used for descaling the metal surface. The waste product formed from the pickling of metals is known as pickling sludge.

Industrial Applications

“Some of the main application areas of descaling are listed below:
“Descaling of carbon steels
“Cleaning of ferrous alloys
“Oxide layer removal in jewelry.”

Original Source

Powder Coating: A Better Kind Of Paint

New to powder coating? Consider this.

According to

“Powder coating is a high-quality durable finish found on thousands of products you come in contact with each day. Compared to liquid paint, powder coatings are more environmentally sound, durable, and safe for the whole family. When shopping at your favorite retailers, don’t forget to ask for Powder Coated TOUGH products!


“Rough and Tough – Powder coating protects the roughest, toughest machinery as well as the household items you depend on daily such as appliances, bathroom fixtures and even furniture. It provides a more durable finish than liquid paints can offer, while still providing an attractive finish.

“Long Lasting – Powder coated products are more resistant to diminished coating quality as a result of impact, moisture, chemicals, ultraviolet light, heat and other extreme weather conditions. That’s why powder coating is used on products exposed to extreme conditions such as vehicle rims, outdoor furniture and grills.

“Try and Scratch Me – Powder coated finishes provide a durability that reduces the risk of scratches, chipping, abrasions, corrosion, fading, and other wear issues.


“Breathe Easier – Unlike liquid paints, powder coatings contain no solvents and release little or no amount of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) into the atmosphere. Thus, there is no longer a need for finishers to buy costly pollution control equipment. Companies can comply more easily and economically with the regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

“Preserve the Planet – Unlike many liquid paints, powder coatings offer a smaller carbon footprint which reduces the adverse effects on the environment.

“Waste Not, Want Not – Companies using liquid paints generate unwanted hazardous waste that must be disposed of properly. Powder coatings are able to be recycled and reused and generate zero hazardous waste.


“Looking Good! – It’s tough. It looks great. And it lasts a long, long time. In addition to being durable, powder coating is an attractive choice due to environmental advantages.

“Did You Know, Rain, Sleet, or Snow? – Powder coated products are more resistant to damage from impact, moisture, chemicals, ultraviolet light, heat and other extreme weather conditions.

“The Best Finish in Town – A better kind of paint.”

Original Source

Industrial Rust Removal Methods

New to industrial rust removal? Here is a breakdown of various methods.

According to The Monticello News:

“We have all seen rust at some point in our lives, whether on the bumper of your car, an old bike, or a metal gate. Depending on how much you love your car, this rust doesn’t usually cause too much alarm and can usually be taken care of with a little elbow grease. But what about when your business depends on removing rust, not just from a bike chain, but from giant metal beams, entire industrial machines, or even the hulls of ships? You’re going to need a lot more elbow grease! Fortunately, these industrial rust removal methods get the job done.

Mechanical Buffing

“This is what you might call a good old-fashioned method of rust removal. It involves bringing out the tools, from sandpaper and steel wool to heavy-duty stripping disks and grinding wheels. This method is highly labor-intensive but is great for attacking thick rust on wider, less detailed surfaces, such as the sides of vehicles. However, the aggressive nature may be murder on a preexisting paint job and on metal surfaces you want to treat with greater care.

Rust Removal Solvents

“At home, we often take a rusty metal tool and bathe it in a solution with baking soda or vinegar to get rid of rust. While those won’t quite cut it in the industrial world, there are some liquids that can help get rid of industrial-level rust. Simply scrub the commercial solvent of your choice on the metal and voila, a brand-new finish. Naturally, this is a pretty appealing option for companies that want to save on cost and labor. The one catch is that commercial solvents mainly work on surface-level rust that has not yet gone deeper into the metal.


“Shot-blasting removes rust from metal surfaces by shooting the metal with tiny abrasive objects such as steel beads, literally shooting off the rust in the process. This incredible technology can clean rust off anything from small metal piping to an entire forklift. The catch is that you need to get your hands on shot-blasting machinery, which is not as easy to come by as a stripping disk or other rust removal tools.

“In some ways, industrial rust removal methods aren’t so different than domestic methods. They simply require bigger tools, a knowledge of the best methods for each job, and much more elbow grease.”

Original Source

Coating Pretreatment Market – Current Impact to Make Big Changes | Chemetall, AkzoNobel, Axalata Coating System

Latest Research Study on Global Coating Pretreatment Market published by AMA, offers a detailed overview of the factors influencing the global business scope. Global Coating Pretreatment Market research report shows the latest market insights with upcoming trends and breakdown of the products and services. The report provides key statistics on the market status, size, share, growth factors, Challenges and Current Scenario Analysis of the Global Coating Pretreatment. This Report also covers the emerging player’s data, including: competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are Chemetall GmbH (Germany), AkzoNobel N.V. (Netherlands), Axalata Coating System LLC (United States), PPG Industries (United States), 3M Company (United States), Kansai Paint (Japan), Nihon Parkerizing (Japan), Henkel AG & Co. KGgA (Germany), Sherwin-Williams Company (United States) and Nippon Paints Co. Ltd. (Japan)

Analyst at AMA have conducted special survey and have connected with opinion leaders and Industry experts from various region to minutely understand impact on growth as well as local reforms to fight the situation. A special chapter in the study presents Impact Analysis of COVID-19 on Global Coating Pretreatment Market along with tables and graphs related to various country and segments showcasing impact on growth trends.

Coating pre-treatment refers to the cleaning of metal surface before applying powder coating over it. It includes various methods such as scratch brushing and sandblasting. These methods not only removes the surface impurities but also eliminates scratches and surface irregularities. However, the coating must be done immediately owing to the cleaned surface is in a highly reactive state and corrosion occurs very soon. Chemical cleaning includes removal of oil, dirt, grease, among others impurities.
The Global Coating Pretreatment Market segments and Market Data Break Down are illuminated below:
Type (Phosphate, Chromate, Chromate free, Blast clean), Application (Transport and Automotive, Construction and Building, Appliances), Metal Substrate (Aluminum, Steel)

Region Included are: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Oceania, South America, Middle East & Africa

Country Level Break-Up: United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, South Africa, Nigeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Germany, United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Austria, Turkey, Russia, France, Poland, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, China, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, India, Australia and New Zealand etc.
Market Trend

  • Stringent Government Regulations on Chromate-Based Coating Pretreatment

Market Drivers

  • High Growth in the Powder Coatings Market
  • The Increasing Demand From End-User Industries


  • High Growth in Emerging Economies


  • Unstable Economic Cycle

Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Coating Pretreatment Market:

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope the Global Coating Pretreatment market

Chapter 2: Exclusive Summary – the basic information of the Global Coating Pretreatment Market.

Chapter 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges & Opportunities of the Global Coating Pretreatment

Chapter 4: Presenting the Global Coating Pretreatment Market Factor Analysis, Post COVID Impact Analysis, Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying the by Type, End User and Region/Country 2014-2019

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Global Coating Pretreatment market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by Manufacturers/Company with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions (2020-2025)

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source

Finally, Global Coating Pretreatment Market is a valuable source of guidance for individuals and companies in their decision framework.

Data Sources & Methodology

The primary sources involves the industry experts from the Global Coating Pretreatment Market including the management organizations, processing organizations, analytics service providers of the industry’s value chain. All primary sources were interviewed to gather and authenticate qualitative & quantitative information and determine the future prospects.

In the extensive primary research process undertaken for this study, the primary sources – Postal Surveys, telephone, Online & Face-to-Face Survey were considered to obtain and verify both qualitative and quantitative aspects of this research study. When it comes to secondary sources Company’s Annual reports, press Releases, Websites, Investor Presentation, Conference Call transcripts, Webinar, Journals, Regulators, National Customs and Industry Associations were given primary weight-age.

What benefits does AMA research studies provides?

  • Supporting company financial and cash flow planning
  • Latest industry influencing trends and development scenario
  • Open up New Markets
  • To Seize powerful market opportunities
  • Key decision in planning and to further expand market share
  • Identify Key Business Segments, Market proposition & Gap Analysis
  • Assisting in allocating marketing investments

Definitively, this report will give you an unmistakable perspective on every single reality of the market without a need to allude to some other research report or an information source. Our report will give all of you the realities about the past, present, and eventual fate of the concerned Market.

Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Author:

Advance Market Analytics is Global leaders of Market Research Industry provides the quantified B2B research to Fortune 500 companies on high growth emerging opportunities which will impact more than 80% of worldwide companies’ revenues.

Our Analyst is tracking high growth study with detailed statistical and in-depth analysis of market trends & dynamics that provide a complete overview of the industry. We follow an extensive research methodology coupled with critical insights related industry factors and market forces to generate the best value for our clients. We Provides reliable primary and secondary data sources, our analysts and consultants derive informative and usable data suited for our clients business needs. The research study enable clients to meet varied market objectives a from global footprint expansion to supply chain optimization and from competitor profiling to M&As.

Original Source:

Global Powder Coating Market 2020: Industry Overview, Growth Analysis, Regional Demand And Forecast 2027

According to Global Marketers Study, the global market for Powder Coating Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly xx% for the next 5 years and will achieve xx million US$ in 2027 from xx million US$ in 2019. This report, in particular, makes a specialty of the Powder Coating inside the global market, mainly in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East, and Africa. This Powder Coating market data segmented the industry primarily based on manufacturer(price, sales, revenue, and global marketplace percentage), regions, type, and application.

This study offers a 360-degree assessment of the competitive view of the Global Powder Coating market. Then, in addition, a part of the studies report examines the size and valuation of the global market within the future forecast period 2020-2027. The report also provides a detailed qualitative and quantitative records help to improve evaluation and affecting the projected effect of these factors on the market’s future boom prospects.

Key highlight Of the Powder Coating Industry Research Report:

– Industry Upstream and Downstream Analysis

– Key Raw Materials Analysis

– The proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

– Manufacturing Process Analysis

– Downstream End Users Analysis

– Powder Coating Industry Chain Analysis

– Past 5 Years of historic data and Future 5 Years Forecast Data.

– Global Market Share of top key Players

– Describes the Powder Coating product Scope, market opportunities, market driving force and risks.

– Top producer profile analysis, with price, sales, and revenue.

– Powder Coating Industry Top Manufacturers global market share Analysis for the yr 2018 and 2019.

– Powder Coating market sales, Revenue, Growth evaluation by means of regions.

– Forecast analysis of Powder Coating market by regions, application, and type with sales, Revenue from 2020 to 2027

– Global Powder Coating market Value and Growth Rate from 2015-2027


Based on application, type, the worldwide market for Powder Coating has been segmented into numerous types. The growing usage of the worldwide market in these applications is anticipated to look proper for the growth of the market in coming years.

Global Powder Coating Market Segment by Manufacturers, this file covers

Asian Paints Limited (India)
Jotun A/S (Norway)
Axalta Coating Systems (US)
Berger Paints India Limited (India)
Kansai Paint Co., Ltd. (Japan)
The Valspar Corporation (US)
AkzoNobel N.V. (Netherlands)
The Sherwin-Williams Company (US)
PPG Industries, Inc. (US)
Somar Corporation (Japan)

Global Powder Coating Market Segment by using Type, covers


Global Powder Coating Market Segment by Applications may be divided into

Electrostatic Spray
Fluidized Bed

The assessment of the leading players of the Powder Coating industry explained inside the report offer an in-depth evaluation of the market stocks of the companies profiled in this research report. The report blends an analysis of the business enterprise profiles in addition to the enterprise styles for the Powder Coating market used transversely over various end-person businesses.

Region-wise, the report segments the market into the United States, Europe, Japan, China, India, and Southeast Asia. The market is possible to witness productive growth in the United States due to the developing adoption of Powder Coating within the country.

North America




Middle East & Africa


South America

Rest of the World

In this extensive research report data including the leading manufacturer including of their price, sales, revenue, product portfolio, and global market share, commercial enterprise segmentation, and economic assessment have been included. The updated study report examines the worldwide Powder Coating market in a detailed manner by describing the key elements of the market that are expected to have a quantifiable impact on its developmental prospects over the forecast period 2020-2027.

Liquid Coating Market 2020 Outlook Witnessing Enormous Growth with Recent Trends & Demand

Latest Research Report: Liquid Coating industry

This has brought along several changes in This report also covers the impact of COVID-19 on the global market.

Global Liquid Coating Market documents a detailed study of different aspects of the Global Market. It shows the steady growth in market in spite of the fluctuations and changing market trends. The report is based on certain important parameters.

Liquid coatings, also referred to as wet coatings, are majorly used where powder coatings are not applicable to provide finishing to products as well as assembled components and parts. Liquid coatings also provide noise control, corrosion and chemical resistance, wear resistance and non-stick, abrasion resistance. Liquid coatings have material efficiency of around 35%. They give a decorative look to the surface on which they are applied and protect the surface from rust and damage, such as scratches, etc. Liquid Coatings are generally applied using a spray equipment to create a uniform thickness of the paint layer.
The Asia Pacific is expected to witness robust growth in the Liquid Coatings Market, which can be attributed to the increasing number of paints and coatings manufactures as well as expansion of manufacturing facilities by coating manufacturers in emerging economies, such as China, India etc.

Get a Sample PDF copy of the report @

Liquid Coating Market competition by top manufacturers as follow: , PPG Industries, Akzonobel, Sherwin-Williams, Axalta(Dupont), Valspar Corporation, RPM International, American Powder Coatings, TIGER Drylac, 3M, IFS Coatings, Masco, Nortek Powder Coating, Trimite Powders, Vogel Paint, Midwest Industrial Coatings (MICI), Erie Powder Coatings, Hentzen Coatings, Cardinal Paint

The rising technology in Liquid Coating market is also depicted in this research report. Factors that are boosting the growth of the market, and giving a positive push to thrive in the global market is explained in detail. It includes a meticulous analysis of market trends, market shares and revenue growth patterns and the volume and value of the market. It is also based on a meticulously structured methodology. These methods help to analyze markets on the basis of thorough research and analysis.

The Type Coverage in the Market are:
Solvent Borne
Water Borne
UV Cure

Market Segment by Applications, covers:
Machinery and Parts

The research report summarizes companies from different industries. This Liquid Coating Market report has been combined with a variety of market segments such as applications, end users and sales. Focus on existing market analysis and future innovation to provide better insight into your business. This study includes sophisticated technology for the market and diverse perspectives of various industry professionals.

Liquid Coating is the arena of accounting worried with the summary, analysis and reporting of financial dealings pertaining to a business. This includes the training of financial statements available for public ingesting. The service involves brief, studying, checking and reporting of the financial contacts to tax collection activities and objects. It also involves checking and making financial declarations, scheming accounting systems, emerging finances and accounting advisory.

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report covers
North America
Rest of Asia Pacific
Central & South America
Middle East & Africa

Report Highlights:
• Detailed overview of parent market
• Changing market dynamics in the industry
• In-depth market segmentation
• Historical, current and projected market size in terms of volume and value
• Recent industry trends and developments
• Competitive landscape
• Strategies of key players and products offered
• Potential and niche segments, geographical regions exhibiting promising growth
• A neutral perspective on market performance
• Must-have information for market players to sustain and enhance their market footprint

All You Need To Know About Powder Coating For Metal Fabrication

If you like it or not, people can’t help but judge a book by its cover. It’s the first thing you see, and our knee jerk response to visual stimuli can’t be stopped. This is why it is so important to have a good impression, particularly for the finished product that will be on the show or delivered to the consumer.

The finish on your product is the cover of your product and must look fine. There are several finishing choices, but the increasingly common and relatively popular one is powder coating. Read on to find out what powder coating is and how it can help finish anything from MDF to metal processing.

The benefits of powder coating for metal fabrication products are apparent. The coatings are much finer, and the over spray can be recycled, leaving it little of the amount of color lost. The machine is simpler than traditional painting. There is less toxic waste, and it is easier to maintain uniformity.

Powder coating is a perfect way to offer a smooth, uniform, competent look to metal fabrication. If your project demands metal fabrication, embraced this approach because of the tremendous benefits it can offer. Or better yet, consider finishing with powder coating on your next job.

Rustylions Powder coating is known for formulating the highest quality powder coating finishes to the customers of wide demographics since the year 2001. We are experts in AutomotiveMotorcycle, and metal refinishing.

Rusty Lions is dedicated to providing the highest quality service to customers because every customer is valuable to us. We are specialized in powder coat, Cerakote for high temp applications, paint, sandblasting, and similar services.

Original Source:

A Guide to Powder Coatings for Extreme Service Environments

This issue of Technology Interchange will delve into the world of extreme environments and how to protect finished goods with the very best powder coating technology.

Extreme environments involve conditions that go beyond your typical incidental sunlight or office setting where an occasional wipe with a cleaner or the bump of a chair is all the durability that is needed. We’ll look into scenarios where either the prevailing conditions are acutely intense or where product performance expectations include lengthier than typical longevity.

As we all know, coatings, and in particular, powder coatings serve to protect and beautify. As requirements eclipse a typical industrial specification and venture into more aggressive and demanding performance, the options of chemistry, color, and indeed cost can change significantly.

Resins have to be more robust and pigmentation needs to be more inert and permanent. Therefore, overall costs are higher and color choice may be somewhat more limited. We’ll note these aspects along with the recommendations of coating type and processes recommended to exceed these requirements.

Outdoor Durability
The outdoor durability of powder coatings fits neatly into four packages. The first are resin types that cannot be considered in any scenario requiring the maintenance of appearance in an outdoor setting. These are all epoxy containing powders, including pure epoxies, hybrids (epoxy- polyester), and acrylic hybrids (acrylic-epoxy). Although some of these products will maintain a semblance of film integrity for a year or two, the appearance will be tainted by a precipitous loss of gloss and a striking fade in color.

The second class of outdoor durable powders are what I call “industrial grade polyesters.” These are entry level powders based on low cost polyester resins (both carboxyl and hydroxyl functional) and can be cured with TGIC (triglycidyl isocyanurate), HAA (beta-hydroxy alkyl amide), or isocyanates (aka polyurethanes). Durability of these workhorses begins to wane after 12 to 18 months of continuous outdoor exposure, resulting in color fade, gloss loss, and chalking. These products can be used for lawn equipment, entry level patio furniture, children’s bicycles, and other light duty outdoor products.

The third class of outdoor durable powders are specially formulated to withstand about five years of outdoor exposure before exhibiting color and gloss change. These products are based on “superdurable” polyester resins that can be cured with TGIC, HAA, or isocyanates. Because of the composition of the polyester resin backbone, the binder of these powders resists degradation even in the demanding conditions endemic in south Florida. When properly formulated, these products meet the AAMA 2604 voluntary specification which requires at least 30 percent gloss retention and only minor color fade. These UV-durable coatings not only have to be formulated with high quality resins, they also require judicious choice of pigments. The majority of bright, organic pigments do not have the lightfastness required to withstand five years of outdoor exposure; therefore, more muted inorganic pigments are typically used in these products. Consequently, bright, clean colors in this class of powder coatings are rare and rather expensive.

If coating requirements call for 10 years or more longevity, resin choice is much more limited and considerably more expensive. There are two general markets that powder coatings serve that demand this type of extreme performance. The transportation (automotive, aviation, aerospace, etc.) and ACE (agricultural, construction, and earthmoving) markets both have finish performance specifications that call for 10+ years of durability in outdoor environments.

For transportation, the choice has been clear. Acrylic powder coatings pioneered in the 1990s were developed to meet the exacting specifications of the automotive market culminating in the commercialization of a powder clear topcoat for BMW’s finishing lines in Dingolfing, Germany. This powder clearcoat was used to finish their 5 and 7 Series product lines. These acrylic powders provided outstanding UV durability coupled with excellent acid rain and abrasion resistance. Thtae BMW powder topcoat finishing lines
were jettisoned in 2015, but the legacy of this outstanding powder technology lives on. This exceedingly durable resin chemistry continues to be used on high-end alloy wheels and automotive exterior trim parts.

For the ultimate in UV durability longevity, fluoropolymer-based powder coatings are the only choice. Their outstanding resistance to UV degradation relies upon the stability of fluorine chemistry, which is impervious to attack by solar energy. Fluoropolymer powder types come in two varieties: a thermoplastic based on Kynar™ polymer technology from Arkema, Inc., and thermoset resin technology, dubbed Lumiflon™, from AGC Chemicals. The thermoplastic fluoropolymer-based powders require specialized extrusion and grinding techniques and are typically used with a primer. The thermoset products based on Lumiflon™ are cured as polyurethanes and are processed with more conventional powder processing techniques. Both products boast 20+ years durability when formulated properly with UV-durable pigments and additives.

Corrosion Resistance
Highly corrosion resistant powder coating systems require the intersection of properly prepared metal, a high-quality powder formulation, and a robust curing process. The quality of the metal preparation cannot be emphasized enough. The removal of oxides, weld splatter, oils, and mill scale is essential to preparing the substrate suitably for coating. As for resin chemistry, epoxies are by far the most widely used products to thwart attack in highly corrosive environments. These include oil and gas pipelines, marine equipment, chemical processing plant equipment, and as a primer for outdoor structural steel.

Epoxy-based powder coatings achieve superior corrosion resistance by a combination of exceptional adhesion to metal substrates and a tough, nearly impervious barrier provided by the polymeric matrix and functional fillers in the formula. For the ultimate in corrosion resistance, thick films up to 20 mils (500 microns) enhance the barrier performance. Epoxy-based powder coatings have been used on gas and oil pipelines since the early 1960s and some of them are still in service today.

Some finishing requirements call for both UV durability and corrosion resistance, which depending upon the specification, can be mutually exclusive. In these cases, the use of a tough epoxy-based primer combined with an outdoor-durable powder topcoat can usually fit the bill. The need for meticulous metal preparation is essential, including a high-quality chemical pretreatment. These systems call for a carefully controlled curing process. Best performance is achieved by undercuring the epoxy primer before applying and curing the UV-durable topcoat. An epoxy primer followed by a “superdurable” polyester topcoat is a very good system to use as an outdoor-durable finish in a highly corrosive environment.

Another primer-topcoat combination that provides excellent overall performance utilizes an electrocoat primer with a UV-durable powder topcoat. This system has been used historically in both the automotive and laundry appliance industries. The electrocoat is typically an epoxy- based cathodic type and is applied at around 1.2 mils (30 microns). The advantage of an e-coat primer is that this technology, by nature, coats all the edges, nooks, and crannies of a complex part. E-coat requires a dedicated coating bath and separate drying/curing process and is most commonly used in OEM facilities.

Another option for high performance corrosion resistance is thermoplastic powder coatings. This sub-class of powder coating technology includes polyethylene, polyamide (Nylon), and PVC (polyvinyl chloride) chemistries. These highly durable and corrosion resistant coatings can be applied with electrostatic spray or fluidized bed to film thicknesses of 10 to over 50 mils (250 to 1250 microns). In some cases, a primer is recommended to achieve optimum adhesion to difficult substrates.

Chemical Resistance
Chemical resistance covers a multitude of environmental situations. Powder coatings can be used as a lining for a vessel, as part of a fluid transport system (pipelines, valve, etc.), as a finish in chemical plants (e.g. structural steel for staircases, etc.), for laboratory furniture, kitchen appliances (pesky food stains), and many more situations requiring resistance to chemical attack. Formulators create powder coatings that meet these challenges by selecting tough polymers and densely cross- linked binder systems.

For indoor and underground environments, epoxy-based powders offer best the protection against aggressive compounds. Not all epoxies are created equally, so you must coordinate the needs of the finish with your powder coating supplier. In addition, for the most extreme chemical resistance (e.g. strong acids, strong alkalis, aggressive solvents, hydraulic fluids, etc.) the epoxy variety may be darker in color and therefore, not conducive to clean bright colors.
For the intermediate chemical resistance that is required for major appliances, polyurethanes, acrylic-epoxies, and some high-performance hybrids (epoxy-polyester) meet these specifications. Polyurethanes are typically more expensive than the other two and therefore, have limited use. Acrylic-epoxies possess a desirable balance of decent light stability and abrasion resistance coupled with good resistance to detergents, bleach, and laundry additives. Hybrids offer the lowest price option for applications that are cost sensitive.

If your finishing specification calls for outdoor durability combined with high chemical resistance, you have two options. As a single coat, polyurethanes offer the best balance of UV durability and chemical resistance. To meet these requirements, the powder has to be specially formulated with superdurable resins and high urethane content. This provides the outdoor durability with a tough finish that can withstand attack from most harsh chemicals. Another option is to use a two-coat system. For the highest longevity, a fluoropolymer topcoat with an epoxy-based primer will resist nearly all environmental attack, including acid rain, industrial emissions, and industrial cleaners.

High Heat
The small, specific class of silicone- modified powder coatings provide the heat resistance required for recreational cooking appliances and exhaust parts for automotive, power sports, and lawn care equipment. These coatings are typically formulated with a precise blend of silicone and organic polymers (e.g. acrylic, epoxy, or polyester). The organic component provides the initial film formation, while the silicone gives the ultimate heat resistance, usually hardening after the part is placed in use and experiences temperatures above 300 degrees Celsius.

Silicone-based powder coatings provide unique heat performance; however, because of the silicone content, they have a tendency to contaminate conventional powder coatings such as epoxy, hybrid, polyester, and polyurethane types. In addition, most pigments degrade at temperatures above 200 degrees Celsius, so high heat resistant powder coatings have a limited color palette.

Powder coatings offer incredible options for finishes destined for extreme environments. As we all know, powders are not created equally so it is vitally important to carefully discuss your coatings needs with your powder supplier. They can provide the best options to meet your exacting needs.


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